There is a research base in Behavior Analysis literature supporting goal-setting. Students (and practitioners, parents, community members) can set SMART goals and track progress toward each goal.
A SMART goal is: Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, and Timely.
This can be as short-term as fluency timing goals such as when using Precision Teaching, or longer-term for each week, month, grading period, etc.
Here is a template I created just last week for use with adolescents and teenagers. We printed it on neon paper and now have it displayed to track the progress throughout the quarter.
Leanne Page, MEd, BCBA